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Different Forms Of Substance Abuse Treatment

Every substance abuse case is different. People turn to substances for the first time for different reasons, experience a pathway to addiction in different ways, and have different responses to their addiction. Because of this, there is no one size fits all treatment option that works in all cases either. A number of types of treatments have been developed and have been shown to be successful, however.

Medication

It is very common for medication to be used as a form of substance dependency treatment.

“Medications can be used to manage withdrawal symptoms, prevent relapse, and treat co-occurring conditions.”

Medication is usually prescribed in order to help people manage the symptoms of withdrawal. Additionally, it can help to prevent relapse, which is important since relapse rates continue to be very high. Finally, medications can be prescribed to people who have co-occurring conditions, where those who have a substance problem also have a mental health issue, which is quite common. There is not a single medication that treats all these issues, however, which is why it is important to receive proper consultation and support.

Therapy

Talking therapies have also proven to be very effective in helping people overcome substance abuse. This kind of therapy can be offered in a variety of different ways, and individual therapy is often the most effective of all.

“Depending on client needs, length of treatment, and level of care, sessions with the primary therapist may be initially scheduled once or twice per week. It is during these sessions that the treatment plan is developed with input from the client and multidisciplinary staff.”

Besides individual therapy, group therapy is also very effective. Here, people at different stages of recovery can communicate together, under the guidance of a therapist. Family therapy is also common, as it ensures that people are better able to support their recovering loved ones, while at the same time ensuring that substance abusers gain an understanding of the impact of their behavior on the family unit. Other forms of therapy, which are currently experimental, include recovery-oriented challenge therapy, expressive therapies, and trauma therapy.

Peer Support

Technically a form of therapy, offering peer support has also been shown to be very beneficial.

“Peers are individuals in recovery who can use their own experiences to help others working towards recovery. Peer supports are a critical component of the substance use disorder treatment system. Many people who work in the treatment system as counselors or case managers are in recovery, and peers are central to many recovery support efforts.”

Treatment is generally offered on an inpatient, residential basis, or as an outpatient. Often, people start with residential treatment, move on to supported housing, and, finally, to outpatient treatment. During treatment, skills development is also often offered.

“Coping skills training groups (the most common type of skills development group) attempt to cultivate the skills people need to achieve and maintain abstinence.”

Put together, these different types of treatment increase the chances of people beating their addiction and remaining abstinent in the future.